Bible Studies in the Book of Esther
Esther Chapter 3: Haman the Madman
by I Gordon
- Who exactly are these people? What race are they?
- How many people are we talking about?
- What exactly have they done that is so wrong that it requires death?
 ↩ The Believers Bible Commentary says 'Haman was an Agagite, a descendant of the kings of the Amalekites (Agag was a royal title). The Lord had declared perpetual war against Amalek (Exo_17:8-16). The Book of Esther relates the last recorded battle in that war (see also 1Sam 15:32; 1Sam 30:1-10; 1Ch 4:43).'
And Amalek, as you may have seen from other studies was the grandson of Esau! (Gen 36:12) So the conflict between Jacob and Esau plays out in the conflict between Israel and Amalek and now between Mordecai and Haman!
 ↩ The Antichrist will rise to great political heights just as Haman did. He will also desire and demand the worship of the people - something Haman definitely desired in bucket loads! Both have a nature that is totally self-focused, to the point where they despise utterly any who would not grant them the worship that they desire and, in their minds, deserve. The end result, as we have seen, is that both will hate God and hate His people... to the extent of even trying to kill an entire race of people... the Jews (and in the case of the Antichrist, the saints of God as well).
 ↩ Of course, this tactic of saying that God's people should be dealt to because they do not follow the king's laws is one which would be used again extensively once the church came into being. We see it used in Acts especially in verses 16:20-21, 24:5, 28:22 and this one which says:
Acts 17:5-8 'But the Jews were jealous; so they rounded up some bad characters from the marketplace, formed a mob and started a riot in the city. They rushed to Jason's house in search of Paul and Silas in order to bring them out to the crowd. (6) But when they did not find them, they dragged Jason and some other brothers before the city officials, shouting: " These men who have caused trouble all over the world have now come here, (7) and Jason has welcomed them into his house. They are all defying Caesar's decrees, saying that there is another king, one called Jesus ." (8) When they heard this, the crowd and the city officials were thrown into turmoil.'
And it is also the same type of tactic used on Pilate himself, who found no wrong in Jesus, but began to listen to the Jews because they said "If you let this man go, you are no friend of Caesar. Anyone who claims to be a king opposes Caesar."
The fact is that the world doesn't like people being different. But the Christian walk is always going to be one that swims against the tide of popular or worldly thought.
 ↩ Now don't get me wrong... I'm not trying to say that he is a couple sandwiches short of a picnic or that that lift doesn't go to the top floor. Noooo. I wouldn't say that! He just seems too overly trusting of those 'wise-men' around him without using his own grey-matter a little more!
 ↩ The Bible Knowledge Commentary says 'The signet ring, when impressed on clay, made a special imprint, which, like a signature, represented the king's authority (cf. Est 3:12; Est 8:2, Est 8:8; Gen 41:42; Dan 6:17; Hag 2:23).'
 ↩ Major Ian Thomas, in his great little book on Esther 'If I perish, I perish' points out that not only is Haman a type of the flesh and Mordecai a type of the Holy Spirit, but the king is a type of the soul of man. Thus, the king is easily swayed when Haman is in charge! In fact the king is capable of making some pretty terrible decisions when Haman is holding the reigns. Yet, as we shall see later in the book, this same king (picture of the soul of man) is also capable of making great decisions when Mordecai and Queen Esther are influencing the king (picture of the Holy Spirit connecting with the human spirit to control the soul of man). So I shouldn't mock the king too much here. In this case, our king is but a pawn! Haman is the real villain!
 ↩ The thing that should be noted about the laws of the Medes and Persians was that once a decree had gone forth from the king it could not be changed. Not even by the king himself! This was different to how other kingdoms operated such as the Babylonian empire where Nebuchadnezzar could decree laws and change them at will! The immutability of the Persian law is seen in a few places such as Esther 1:19 and Daniel 6:8.
 ↩ Gaebelin gives a good overview of this: ' The proclamation of death pronounced upon a whole race of people, everyone doomed to death, none exempted, typifies the condition in which the whole race is spiritually. The law on account of sin is such a proclamation. "The soul that sinneth shall die." "The wages of sin is death." The helpless condition in which the death doomed Jews found themselves is a picture of the helpless condition of man as a sinner. Nothing the Jews did could save them; no weeping nor pleading could change things . All this may be enlarged upon and helpfully applied to man's condition as a sinner.'
Related Series Posts
- Esther Chapter 1 Bible Study: The Invitation of the King
- Esther Chapter 2 Bible Study: The Preparation for the King
- Esther Chapter 3 Bible Study: Haman the Madman
- Esther Chapter 4 Bible Study: If I Perish I Perish
- Esther 5 Bible Study: Esther's Prayer and the third day
- Esther Chapter 6 Bible Study: The sleepless king and providence of God
- Esther Chapter 7 Bible Study: The Downfall of Haman the Wicked
- Esther Chapter 8 Bible Study: The Two Eternal Laws
- Esther Chapter 9 & 10: A Victory to Win & A Day to Celebrate