Hi Ian hope everything is well. Your writings are just amazing. I have a query which I humbly request you to please clarify:
In the parable of 10 virgins, as some commentators state, refers to Israel (because in OT virgin is referring to Israel). This will occur during the 7 years of tribulation. As indicated in the parable, 5 are foolish and 5 are wise, which commentators some Jews (foolish virgins) during that time will perish. Some even say half of them will perish (5 foolish and 5 wise -which is half). But Paul says in Romans 11:26 "All Israel will be saved." How do we reconcile these two thoughts?
Zec 13:7-9 "Awake, O sword, against My Shepherd, And against the man, My Associate," Declares the LORD of hosts. "Strike the Shepherd that the sheep may be scattered; And I will turn My hand against the little ones. (8) "It will come about in all the land," Declares the LORD, "That two parts in it will be cut off and perish; But the third will be left in it. (9) "And I will bring the third part through the fire, Refine them as silver is refined, And test them as gold is tested. They will call on My name, And I will answer them; I will say, 'They are My people,' And they will say, 'The LORD is my God.'"
The scattering of the sheep also seems to refer to the scattering of the Jewish nation when Jerusalem was destroyed by the Romans in a.d. 70. Just as the Olivet Discourse (Matt 24-25; Mar 13:1-37; Luk 21:1-38) telescopes prophecies of the scattering of the Jewish nation fulfilled in a.d. 70 with those to be fulfilled in the last half of the future Tribulation period, so Zechariah here combines into one focus the same two periods and scatterings of the Jewish nation. Thus Zec_13:8-9 probably will see its final and complete fulfillment in Israel’s dispersion in the Tribulation (cf. Rev 12:6, Rev 12:13-17). At that time two-thirds of the Jewish nation will be struck down and perish, but the surviving remnant will be restored, at least for the most part, to their covenant relationship with the Lord.
Bible Knowledge Commentary
The 'All Israel' that is saved is speaking of the believing remnant when the Lord returns at the second coming. That is the context of the quote - it is when the deliverer comes from Zion, when their sins are removed and they come into a new covenant with the Lord. The surviving Jews would have look to the One they have pierced and asked Him to come save them (Zech 12:10, Isa 64:1-6, Matt 23:37-39)
When Paul says "all Israel shall be saved," he does not mean every individual Israelite will be saved. It is the nation he has before us in this chapter. In every age, only a remnant is saved. The quotation Paul uses is from Isa_59:20 in the Old Testament: "And the Redeemer shall come to Zion, and unto them that turn from transgression in Jacob, saith the LORD." The message to the individual is that he will have to "turn from transgression" to the Lord. There will be a remnant that will turn to Him. All of them will be saved. He speaks of the saved remnant as the nation Israel. There is always only a remnant that is saved. There was a remnant in Elijah's day; there was a remnant in David's day; there was a remnant in Paul's day; there is a remnant in our day; and there will be a remnant during the Great Tribulation period.
In applying 'all Israel' to just those that believe Paul is doing what he did earlier in the book of Romans where he reduced the name 'Israel' to those who are physically descended from the 12 tribes of Jacob AND are of faith.
So in short - there will be a believing remnant (1/3) of the Jewish nation that will be saved at the return of Jesus Christ. They will have called out for their Messiah, Jesus, and constitute Paul's 'All Israel'. They will largely be composed of those that obey the Lord's command to flee into the place prepared for them for safety when they see the Abomination of Desolation in the mid-point of the tribulation (Matt 24:15-21, Rev 12:6), but no doubt others still in the land of Israel will still believe and make it through the tribulation as well. But it is going to be a terrible time for the Jews. Hitler killed 1/3 of the Jews in his day. The Antichrist will kill 2/3's. But all who call on the Lord will be saved at the return of Jesus.