Bible Studies on the Messianic Psalms
Psalm 72 - The regeneration realised
by I Gordon
Last time we looked at the zeal of the Lord. We saw that the Lord Jesus
had zeal for His Father's house when He was on earth 2000 years ago and
He has zeal for His Father house today. And we (Christians) are the
temple of the living God today. We looked also very briefly into a
glimpse of the future where we read the following:
Isaiah 9:7 There will be no end to the increase of His government or of
peace, On the throne of David and over his kingdom, To establish it and
to uphold it with justice and righteousness From then on and
forevermore. The zeal of the LORD of hosts will
I mentioned last time that that which was lost will be restored and
even more so. And it is the zeal of the Lord - the intense fervour,
passion, and inward burning desire of the Lord that will see this
accomplished. The earth is the Lord's and no ISIS, no Islam, no human
force or kingdom will stop this from happening. He will reign from then
on and forevermore - The zeal of the Lord will accomplish this! So
today I want to look at the next Messianic Psalm. Some Messianic Psalms
speak of Jesus' life, some His death and resurrection. This one speaks
of the age still to come when He reigns as King on this earth. It is
The beginning, the end and then what?
I listened to a message a few weeks back from a Jewish believer called
Amir Tsafarti. The message was called 'The beginning of the end'. He
gave the simple thought that there is a beginning and there is an end,
and there is a beginning of the end. Things began back in Genesis with
these words 'In the beginning...' The word Genesis means just that -
'beginning'. So there is a beginning. But there is also an end. This is
what the disciples wanted to know about.
Matthew 24:3 As He was sitting on the Mount of Olives, the disciples
came to Him privately, saying, "Tell us, when will these things happen,
and what will be the sign of Your coming, and of the end of the age?"
Matthew 24:6 "You will be hearing of wars and rumors of wars. See that
you are not frightened, for those things must take place, but that is not yet the end.
Matthew 24:14 "This gospel of the kingdom shall be preached in the
whole world as a testimony to all the nations, and then the end will come.
So there is a beginning and there is an end. And there is a beginning
of the end. So what does the end look like? How does it end? When the
Christian is down town on the street corner with the sandwich board
around his neck saying 'Repent for the end is nigh', what does that
mean? As we have seen, Jesus and the disciples spoke about the end of
the age. It is the end of this current age of man's rule on planet
Earth. But the good news is that the end is also a new beginning
. It is the start of the Messiah's rule.
So after that extended introduction let's look at Psalm72 for it gives
a glimpse of what the coming kingdom age will be like. This Psalm is
one of the longer and more detailed passages concerning this time. We
see first of all that it is a Psalm of, or for, Solomon. Scholars
aren't completely sure whether it was written by Solomon or David. It
matters not, for while it was initially about Solomon's rule, it finds
its ultimate fulfillment in the coming reign of Jesus Christ
. If you are familiar with the life of Solomon you will know that he
went off track in his later life with countless women and worldliness,
but his early reign is definitely a type of the coming Messianic
Kingdom. We'll contrast some of these points as we go through.
An age of righteousness and justice
Psalms 72:1-4 A Psalm of Solomon. Give the king Your judgments, O God,
And Your righteousness to the king's son. (2) May he judge Your people
with righteousness And Your afflicted with justice. (3) Let the
mountains bring peace to the people, And the hills, in righteousness.
(4) May he vindicate the afflicted of the people, Save the children of
the needy And crush the oppressor.
I'm not sure about you but I'm getting sick of this world and where it
is going. Man's rule on this planet has been a dismal failure since the
fall, characterized by oppression, injustice and corruption. Money and
power talk on this planet, not righteousness, wisdom and justice. I was
reading an article the other day written by an American Christian
commentator who was summing up where things are and where they are
going following the American Supreme Court's ruling on same-sex
marriage. He wrote:
'The world is upside down, inside out, sideways, crazy, nutso. Bad
is good; up is down. Left is right; right is wrong. Evil is good;
insanity is sanity. Abnormal is normal. Circles are squares...
Common sense is uncommon... Dissent is "hate." Diversity means
conformity. The good guys are the bad guys... debauchery is
glorified; the holy is debauched.'
The Western world especially is moving quickly away from its
foundations. Christians who believe that God instituted marriage
between a male and a female and have the gall to suggest that the best
environment to raise children is when they have both a mother and a
father are now labelled crazy hate-filled bigots. What a crazy world!
Common sense is uncommon and the call for diversity means conformity to
only one opinion.
When Solomon began his reign, the Lord appeared to him in a dream and
basically said to Solomon 'Ask of me... I'll give you whatever you
desire'. Solomon asked for wisdom to judge righteously. God was so
pleased with Solomon's request that He said to him 'I will give you a
wise and discerning heart, so that there will never have been anyone
like you, nor will there ever be.' Except one that is! The one in whom
Solomon's reign was just a mere shadow. The age to come under the
Lord's reign is characterised by justice and righteousness. Isaiah's
prophecy of the Messiah's rule
includes the following:
Isaiah 11:3-4 And He will delight in the fear of the LORD, And He
will not judge by what His eyes see, Nor make a decision by what
His ears hear; (4) But with righteousness He will judge the poor,
And decide with fairness for the afflicted of the earth;
An age of peace
Psalms 72:5-7 Let them fear You while the sun endures, And as long as
the moon, throughout all generations. (6) May he come down like rain
upon the mown grass, Like showers that water the earth. (7) In his days
may the righteous flourish, And abundance of peace till the moon is no
The coming of the Lord Jesus is often likened to the coming of the
rains upon the Earth. Israel had two great times of rain in connection
to their yearly harvest, in March/April and October/November. These two
periods of rain are a type of the two comings of the Lord Jesus.
Hosea 6:1-3 Come, and let us return to the Lord; For He has torn,
but He will heal us; He has stricken, but He will bind us up. (2)
After two days He will revive us; On the third day He will raise us
up, That we may live in His sight. (3) Let us know, Let us pursue
the knowledge of the Lord. His going forth is established as the
He will come to us like the rain, Like the latter and former
rain to the earth.
The Lord's coming will be like rain to a terribly dry and barren world.
And I liked how this passage spoke of the abundance of peace. How long
has this world been waiting for true peace? The United Nations was
setup after World War II to resolve disputes and bring peace. Do you
know how much peace there has been since WWII? If you were asked how
many day, weeks, months or years there has been since WWII when there
has been no national or civil wars going on somewhere on Earth, what
would you say? Answer in the fine print. I'll let you think first.
But look at what it says about Solomon's reign...
1 Chron 22:6-9 'Then David called for his son Solomon and charged
him to build a house for the LORD, the God of Israel. David said to
Solomon: 'My son, I had it in my heart to build a house for the
Name of the LORD my God. But this word of the LORD came to me: 'You
have shed much blood and have fought many wars. You are not to
build a house for my Name, because you have shed much blood on the
earth in my sight.
But you will have a son who will be a man of peace and rest,
and I will give him rest from all his enemies on every side.
His name will be Solomon, and I will grant Israel peace and
quiet during his reign
Peace, glorious peace. The name Solomon actually means 'peaceful' and
he was given peace and rest from all his enemies on every side. Why is
this? Because his reign was but a small picture of that which is to
come in the Messianic Kingdom. Imagine a time when nation will not lift
up sword again nation anymore. Imagine a time when they will not even
learn about war anymore. (Isa 2:4) There will be no need, for their
will be no one to fight. Imagine a time when all of the animal kingdom
is as peace both with man and each other
. It is coming!
The extent of Jesus' rule
Psalms 72:8-11 May he also rule from sea to sea And from the River to
the ends of the earth. (9) Let the nomads of the desert bow before him,
And his enemies lick the dust. (10) Let the kings of Tarshish and of
the islands bring presents; The kings of Sheba and Seba offer gifts.
(11) And let all kings bow down before him, All nations serve him.
We see here that Jesus' rule will not be limited for it will extend to
the very ends of the earth. All nations, all races worshipping the One
true King! No more worship of Buddha or Baal, Mary or Muhammad. No more
Atheists, no more talk about evolution and how we are really just
supped-up monkeys. The prophet Zechariah tells us '
And the LORD will be king over all the earth; in that day the LORD
will be the only one, and His name the only one.'
Zechariah 14:9. We read in Psalm 72:10-11 that the kings of the earth
will go up to see Him. Tarshish, they believe, is southern Spain. It
was where Jonah boarded a ship for to get as far away as he could!
Sheba is a kingdom in southern Arabia (modern Yemen) and Seba, a North
African nation. How amazing will that be when the mystery of God is
complete and the nations will be able to go up to Jerusalem and see the
King of kings, the creator of us all! This of course was pictured
during the reign of Solomon and is as it will be during the Messianic
1 Kings 4:29-34 Now God gave Solomon wisdom and very great
discernment and breadth of mind, like the sand that is on the
seashore. (30) Solomon's wisdom surpassed the wisdom of all the
sons of the east and all the wisdom of Egypt. ... (34) Men came from
all peoples to hear the Wisdom of Solomon, from all the kings of
the earth who had heard of his wisdom.
Isaiah 2:3 And many peoples will come and say, "Come, let us go up
to the mountain of the LORD, To the house of the God of Jacob; That
He may teach us concerning His ways And that we may walk in His
paths." For the law will go forth from Zion And the word of the
LORD from Jerusalem.
An age of compassion
Psalms 72:12-15 For he will deliver the needy when he cries for help,
The afflicted also, and him who has no helper. (13) He will have
compassion on the poor and needy, And the lives of the needy he will
save. (14) He will rescue their life from oppression and violence, And
their blood will be precious in his sight; (15) So may he live, and may
the gold of Sheba be given to him; And let them pray for him
continually; Let them bless him all day long.
We see here that it will also be an age of compassion. I've recently
been going through the Gospels looking at different 'Jesus encounters'
and one thing that stands out in so many of the stories was the
compassion that Jesus had for the sufferer, the down-trodden, the
afflicted, the poor and needy. So when the leper asks in desperation
'Lord if you are willing you can make me clean', He answered 'I am
In the kingdom to come there will no longer be tens of thousands paying
all the money they have, to board dodgy boats in the sometimes vain
hope of reaching a land that will take them in. There will no longer be
the millions of refugees enduring freezing temperatures in tents and
basic food needs because they had to flee their home from militant
Islam and war-torn homelands. I read that from Syria alone there are
over 4 million refugees who have fled their homes and left the country
with next to nothing, to escape the war. That is basically like
everyone in my own country having to leave with nothing and flee to
No... we read He will deliver the needy when they cry. He will have
compassion on the poor and the afflicted. Finally, finally earth will
find its 'Utopia'.
An age of prosperity and no curse!
Psalms 72:16-17 May there be abundance of grain in the earth on top of
the mountains; Its fruit will wave like the cedars of Lebanon; And may
those from the city flourish like vegetation of the earth. (17) May his
name endure forever; May his name increase as long as the sun shines;
And let men bless themselves by him; Let all nations call him blessed.
Today, apparently two thirds of the world's population live below the
poverty level with a large percentage of these suffering from a lack of
food. A lot of this is due to the greed of man and the corruption of
the nations rulers. These verses picture the abundance that will flow
on that day. The mountain tops are rocky and stark. You don't grow
things up there. But this verse pictures a time when even the mountain
tops will be like a fruitful field with an abundance of grain. Such
will be the conditions when the curse is removed and the earth is
restored as it was initially in the garden.
Isaiah 35:1-2 The wilderness and the wasteland shall be glad for
them, And the desert shall rejoice and blossom as the rose; (2) It
shall blossom abundantly and rejoice, Even with joy and
singing...They shall see the glory of the Lord, The excellency of our
The current groan of creation that is spoken of in the book of Romans
will be replaced by a song of praise
Isaiah 55:12-13 You will go out in joy and be led forth in peace;
the mountains and hills will burst into song before you, and all
the trees of the field will clap their hands. (13) Instead of the
thornbush will grow the pine tree, and instead of briers the myrtle
will grow. This will be for the LORD's renown, for an everlasting
sign, which will not be destroyed."
Conclusion - Praise the Lord!
Psalms 72:17-20 May his name endure forever; May his name increase as
long as the sun shines; And let men bless themselves by him; Let all
nations call him blessed. (18) Blessed be the LORD God, the God of
Israel, Who alone works wonders. (19) And blessed be His glorious name
forever; And may the whole earth be filled with His glory. Amen, and
Amen. (20) The prayers of David the son of Jesse are ended.
This Psalm ended the prayers of David. It would have been the
fulfilment of all that he wanted. The Psalm ends with praise and
blessing for His name! For the glorious name of the One who will do all
these things. May His name endure forever and increase. That will occur
in the Messianic Kingdom but may it also occur in our lives today. We
see through a glass dimply today. Then face to face. We get little
glimpses from time to time, as in this Psalm, of what things are meant
to be like and what things will be like but they are easily overwhelmed
by the reality of a world that is out of control. I said at the start
of this message that scripture says that there is a beginning and an
end. Thankfully, as we have seen, it also speaks of a whole new
beginning. Let's just end with one passage where Jesus spoke of this.
Matthew 19:27-30 Then Peter said to Him, "Behold, we have left
everything and followed You; what then will there be for us?" (28)
And Jesus said to them, "Truly I say to you, that you who have
followed Me, in the regeneration when the Son of Man will sit on
His glorious throne, you also shall sit upon twelve thrones,
judging the twelve tribes of Israel. (29) "And everyone who has
left houses or brothers or sisters or father or mother or children
or farms for My name's sake, will receive many times as much, and
will inherit eternal life. (30) "But many who are first will be
last; and the last, first.
In looking forward to the time when He returns to earth and puts all
things right, Jesus used a very interesting word. He said 'In the
regeneration...' This word is only used twice in the entire New
Testament. It is used by Paul in the book of Titus to describe what
happens within Christians when we are saved:
Titus 3:5 He saved us, not on the basis of deeds which we have done
in righteousness, but according to His mercy, by the washing of regeneration and renewing by the
It speaks of 'restoration, renovation, rebirth'. The only other time it
is used is here where Jesus used it in a far wider sense - a
regeneration of the whole planet. And when you look at the Greek word
used, it becomes far more instructive. The Greek word used is
pal-ing-ghen-es-ee'-ah. This is derived from two Greek words - Palin -
meaning 'once more or again', and Genesis. So how Jesus described the
conditions that exist when He sets up His kingdom on this Earth is
'Genesis Again' or 'Genesis Once More'. So there is a beginning. There
is an end. And there is a new beginning once more after the end. The
end is simply the end of man's rule before Jesus' rule begins.
Notice also that what we do for the Lord in this life has a direct
bearing on our rewards in the next. As someone said, we are in training
for reigning. How we use our gifts for His name, how we long for his
coming, how we endure through difficulties, how we serve His people...
it is all recorded and rewarded. May we be motivated by what is to come
in serving Him today!